Danemarca intentioneaza sa revendice Polul Nord

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Danemarca intentioneaza sa revendice Polul Nord in afara de teritoriile pe care le detine deja in Oceanul Arctic (Insulele Feroe si Groenlanda), scrie marti site-ul danez Informatii, citand un document strategic al Ministerului Afacerilor Externe, relateaza AFP.

„Tara intentioneaza sa revendice platoul continental in cinci zone din jurul Insulelor Feroe si Groenlanda, inclusiv Polul Nord in sine”, in conformitate cu documentele diplomatice care urmeaza sa fie publicate in iunie.

Adoptarea de catre Danemarca a planului intitulat „Strategia pentru regiunea arctica 2011-2020” ar putea crea tensiuni cu Rusia, Statele Unite ale Americii, Canada si Norvegia, celelalte tari riverane.

Potrivit Institutului American de Geofizica (USGS), Cercul Arctic ar putea contine o cincime din rezervele de hidrocarburi nedescoperite din lume, 13% petrol si 30% gaz, cea mai mare parte situate in mare.

Subsolul Polului Nord in sine nu pare sa gazduiasca mari rezerve de hidrocarburi, dar are o valoare simbolica: in 2007, Rusia a instalat un”steag” pe fundul Oceanului Arctic la Polul Nord cu ajutorul unui mini-submarin.

Tarile riverane Arcticii au in prezent o zona economica de 200 de mile marine in largul coastelor lor. Pretentiile lor pentru restul teritoriului urmeaza sa fie analizate sub egida Conventiei ONU privind dreptul marii (UNCLOS).

 

…..Danemarca intentioneaza sa revendice Polul Nord

 

 


  • „We expect that Denmark will be able to document claims to an area that among other things includes the sea bed at the North Pole,” Espersen said in a statement, stressing however that „the North Pole is not a goal in itself.”

    Her comments came after a political online daily, Information, reported Tuesday it had obtained a copy of a foreign ministry strategy document detailing how Denmark planned to lay claim to the North Pole.

    Espersen confirmed that Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands were working on drawing up an Arctic strategy for the next 10 years, adding the document would be published in mid-June.

    „It is not possible for me for the time being to comment on a strategy that is still being created and that also must be discussed with the parliamentary parties. That would not be proper,” she said in the statement.

    As for expected claims to the North Pole, Espersen insisted that Denmark was „following the international rules of the game fairly closely.”

    If Denmark’s „Arctic Strategy 2011-2020” is adopted, the claims could put the Scandinavian country on a collision course with Russia, the United States, Canada and Norway.

    The five countries all have claims in the region, where melting polar ice and new technologies have made the „high north” easier to access and fueled competition for untapped oil and gas reserves.

    The Arctic seabed is thought to hold about 90 billion barrels of oil and 30 percent of the world’s undiscovered gas resources, according to the US Geological Survey.

    The North Pole seabed itself is however not believed to hold large reserves, but appears to hold symbolic value for the countries in the region.

    In 2007 for instance, a Russian mini-submarine reached the bottom of the Arctic Ocean under the North Pole and planted a Russian flag, and Canada is also expected to make a claim in the area.

    „In the end, overlapping claims in the Arctic Ocean will need to be resolved through negotiations between the parties,” Espersen said Tuesday.

    The Arctic and the Antarctic are the last major regions on earth where sovereignty remains unresolved.

    Countries bordering the Arctic currently are entitled to a 200 nautical mile economic zone from their coastlines, but claims for extending their territories will be decided under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

    UNCLOS requires countries laying new claims to present them within 10 years of ratifying the convention, something Denmark did in 2004.

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